Ruth 1:1 open_in_new
Now it came to pass in the days. Occurs five times. Always denotes impending trouble, followed by happy deliverance. Compare Genesis 14:1.Esther 1:1.Isaiah 7:1.Jeremiah 1:3.
when the judges ruled. Doubtless, in the early days, before the sin of Judges 1 developed the later internal disorders, and outward oppressions.
a famine. See note on Genesis 12:10.
Ruth 1:2 open_in_new
Elimelech. My God is king.
Naomi. My pleasant one. Mahlon. Sick.
Ephrathites. Ephrath was the ancient name of Beth-lehem, where Rachel was buried (Genesis 35:19; Genesis 48:7).
Ruth 1:4 open_in_new
took them wives. Canaanitish wives forbidden (Deuteronomy 7:3, &c.), but not Moabitish wives; though. Moabite man might not enter the congregation of Jehovah. See note, Deuteronomy 23:3.
Orpah. Hind or Fawn.
Ruth. Beauty. Wife of Mahlon the elder.
Ruth 1:5 open_in_new
left. left survivor.
Ruth 1:6 open_in_new
return. This was in 1326, the year before the second jubilee (1325-1324). See App-50.
the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4.
visited. Compare Exodus 4:31.Psalms 132:15.Luke 1:68.
Ruth 1:8 open_in_new
as. according as.
Ruth 1:9 open_in_new
rest. Compare Ruth 3:1. A characteristic word in this Book.
Ruth 1:10 open_in_new
we will return with thee. This liberty was allowed by the laws of Khammurabi, 171-173 and 177.
Ruth 1:11 open_in_new
why... ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6.
Ruth 1:12 open_in_new
should say. should have said.
Ruth 1:13 open_in_new
Would... ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6.
Ruth 1:19 open_in_new
Beth-lehem. House of bread.
Ruth 1:20 open_in_new
them. Feminine. And the verb "call" is feminine, also, so that Naomi was addressing the women. the ALMIGHTY = Shaddai. See App-4.
Ruth 1:22 open_in_new
the Moabitess. So called five times. In Deuteronomy 23:3, it is masculine, and does not affect Ruth.
barley harvest. Therefore at the Passover.