Zephaniah 3:1 open_in_new
Woe. Alas for! See note on "For", Zephaniah 2:4.
her: i.e. Jerusalem. See the Structure, p. 1272.
polluted. Hebrew. ga'al, (1) to redeem: (2) to make or deem common or unclean.. Homonym, with two meanings. Not the same word as in Zephaniah 3:4.
Zephaniah 3:2 open_in_new
she received not. Some codices, with two early printed editions, Aramaean, Syriac, and Vulgate, read "neither hath she accepted".
trusted. confided. Hebrew. batah. App-69. Not the same word as in Zephaniah 3:12.
the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4.
she drew not near, &c. Some codices, with one early printed edition, Aramaean, Septuagint, and Syriac, read "neither unto her God hath she drawn near".
God. Hebrew. Elohim. App-4.
Zephaniah 3:3 open_in_new
gnaw not: or, reserve not.
Zephaniah 3:4 open_in_new
treacherous persons. men (Hebrew. 'enosh, App-14.) of treacheries; placing the emphasis on the treachery.
polluted. profaned. Hebrew. halal. Not the same word as in Zephaniah 3:1. Reference to Pentateuch (Leviticus 19:8; Leviticus 21:23; Leviticus 22:15.Numbers 18:32; Numbers 18:32). App-92.
done violence, &c. Compare Jeremiah 2:8; Ezekiel 22:26.
Zephaniah 3:5 open_in_new
in the midst thereof. Reference to Pentateuch (Numbers 5:3.Deuteronomy 7:21; Deuteronomy 7:21). App-92. Compare Zephaniah 3:15.
iniquity. Hebrew. 'avah. App-44.
every morning. morning by morning. See Psalms 101:8.
unjust. perverse. Hebrew. 'aval. See App-44.
Zephaniah 3:6 open_in_new
towers. See note on Zephaniah 1:16.
Zephaniah 3:7 open_in_new
corrupted, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Genesis 6:12, same word). App-92.
Zephaniah 3:8 open_in_new
Therefore, &c. The Massorah (App-30 and App-93) calls attention to the fact that this verse (Zephaniah 3:8) contains all the letters of the Hebrew alphabet, including the five final letters. This implies that the verse takes in the whole purpose of Jehovah concerning Israel.
upon: or, for.
saith the Lord. [is] Jehovah's oracle.
to the prey. Septuagint and Syriac read "as. witness", reading 'ed instead of 'ad. Compare Micah 2:2.
gather. gather in. Not the same word as in Zephaniah 2:1.
assemble. gather out.
for all the earth. See Zephaniah 1:18. and compare the Structure, p. 1272.
the fire of My jealousy. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 4:24).
Zephaniah 3:9 open_in_new
then: i.e. after all that is implied in Zephaniah 3:8. Note the order of the blessings in "9, 10": Gentiles first, and Israel after; But in "18-20-", Israel first, and Gentiles after.
a pure language. a lip purified: i.e.. clean lip in contrast with "unclean" lips (Isaiah 6:5).
pure. separated from that which is impure or unclean. Hebrew. barar, as in Ezekiel 20:38; Isaiah 52:11.Daniel 11:35; Daniel 12:10. The reference is, to being made fit for the worship of Jehovah, as the next clause shows. Compare Zephaniah 1:4; Zephaniah 1:5.
that they may. Some codices, with Syriac, and Vulgate, read "and may".
consent. Hebrew shoulder. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct), App-6, for the service rendered by it. It is not the Figure of speech Metaphor as alleged.
Zephaniah 3:10 open_in_new
suppliants. worshippers. Hebrew. 'athar. Occurs in this sense nowhere else. From 'ath ar. to burn incense (Ezekiel 8:11); hence to pray or worship.
the daughter of My dispersed: i.e. My dispersed People [Israel].
Zephaniah 3:11 open_in_new
transgressed. Hebrew. pasha'. App-44.
because of. in.
Zephaniah 3:12 open_in_new
trust. flee for refuge to. Hebrew. hasah. App-69. Not the same word as in Zephaniah 3:2.
the name. See note on Psalms 20:1.
Zephaniah 3:13 open_in_new
for they shall feed, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Leviticus 26:5; Leviticus 26:6). App-92.
Zephaniah 3:14 open_in_new
Sing, &c. Figure of speech Poeonismus. App-6.
Zephaniah 3:15 open_in_new
enemy. Some codices, with Aramaean, Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate, read "foes" (plural)
in the midst, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 7:21).
see. The Codex Hillel, quoted in the Massorah, (App-30 and App-93) with some codices, three early printed editions (one Rabbinic, marg), Aramaean, and Vulgate, read, "fear"; but other codices, with nine early printed editions, Septuagint (?), and Vulgate, read "see", as in Authorized Version.
evil. calamity. Hebrew. ra'a'. App-44.
Zephaniah 3:16 open_in_new
Fear thou not. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 7:21).
be slack. hang down.
Zephaniah 3:17 open_in_new
is mighty; He will save. The Hebrew accents place the chief pause or emphasis on "save", implying not that He will save at some future time, but that He is an ever-present Saviour. Read "Jehovah thy Elohim is in the midst of thee, mighty to save [at all times]". Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 10:17).
He will rejoice, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 30:9). App-92.
will rest. Hebrew will be silent. Septuagint reads "will renew thee"
over thee. The Hebrew accent places the emphasis on these two words.
Zephaniah 3:18 open_in_new
sorrowful for. Supply the Ellipsis. "sorrowful for [the cessation of]".
solemn assembly. appointed season.
a burden. Some codices, with one early printed edition (Rabbinic, margin), Aramaean, and Syriac, read "aburden on thee".
Zephaniah 3:19 open_in_new
Behold. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6.
undo. deal with.
gather. gather out, bring together what has been dispersed. Hebrew. kabaz, as in Zephaniah 3:20. Not the same word as in verses: Zep 8:18, or as in Zephaniah 2:1. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 30:3; Deuteronomy 30:4). App-92.
I will get them, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 26:19).
Zephaniah 3:20 open_in_new
for. will make you, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 26:19). App-92.
turn back your captivity. Hebrew, plural. Idiom for restoring blessings as aforetime. See note on Deuteronomy 30:3,
saith. hath said.