Outline of Joel
Judah's Judgment and Exaltation
1. An Unparalleled Brought and Locust Plague, Joel 1:1-7
2. A Call to Lamentation, Joel 1:8-13
3. A Call to Repentance, Joel 1:14-20
4. The Sound of Alarm, Joel 2:1-11
5. The Hope of Forgiveness, Joel 2:12-17
II. The Manifestation of Mercy, Joel 2:18-32
1. The Destruction of the Destroyer, Joel 2:18-20
2. The Restoration of the Wasted Tears, Joel 2:21-27
3. The Outpouring of the Divine Spirit, Joel 2:28-32
III. Judah and the Nations, Joel 3:1-21
1. The Nations Summoned to Judgment, Joel 3:1-15
2. The Exaltation of Judah, Joel 3:16-21
Introduction to Joel
Of the prophet Joel almost nothing is known. No details of his personal life have come down to us. Even the time when he lived is not known with certainty, though it seems probable that he was one of the first of the prophets. From the frequent references to Judah and Jerusalem it would appear that he was a prophet of the Southern Kingdom.
The general subject of his prophecy is divine judgment, or the Day of Jehovah. There is first a judgment upon the Chosen People, inflicted through locusts. This is removed through fasting and intercession. A terrible day of final judgment embracing all nations is then described. The faithful will be rewarded while evil-doers will be punished. The fulfillment of one of Joel's predictions by the scenes of the day of Pentecost, Acts 2:17-21, has given his book a prominent place in Christian thought.
e-Sword Note: The following material was presented at the end of Joel in the printed edition
Review Questions on Joel
(a) What is the theme of this book?
(b) Into what three parts is the book divided?
(c) In what three ways is God's mercy manifested?
(d) What will be Judah's place among the nations?
(e) What is known of the prophet Joel?
(f) What is the general subject of his prophecy?
(g) What important reference to this prophecy is found in the New Testament?
Each question applies to the paragraph of corresponding number in the Comments.
1. What did the prophet see symbolized by the plague of locusts?
2. What is God's attitude towards those who turn in penitence unto Him?
3. What shall be the fate of those who fight against God and oppress His people?